Battery Toxicity and Eco Product Design

Eco Design Notes Issue 1

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This is the first in a series of Eco Design Notes. It provides a comparison of the hazards associated with the types of batteries that are commonly used in off‐grid lighting products, as well as a summary of the potential to address these hazards through product design, proper disposal, and recycling.

This document was produced by Lighting Global Quality Assurance. In February 2020, Lighting Global Quality Assurance evolved to become VeraSol, an independent program offering quality assurance services for solar energy kits and off-grid appliances.